Damien Lavigne, Luc Guerrier, Virginie Gueguen, Jean-Baptiste Michel, Egisto Boschetti, Olivier Meilhac and Didier Letourneur
Analyst 2010, 135, 503 – 511

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a complex three-dimensional network of macromolecules synthesized by cells and is essential for the structure and the function of a tissue. The aim of our approach was to propose a surface allowing cell culture and subsequent analysis of ECM produced by cells directly on materials compatible with Surface Enhanced Laser Desorption Ionization-Time Of Flight (SELDI-TOF) mass spectrometry on a 96-well format. Surfaces were made of aluminium and spots of 2 mm in diameter were covered with specific chemical groups (silica, C6 and C12 alkyl groups, carboxyl, quaternary amine, or nitrilotriacetic acid groups). We found that among the chemically modified aluminium spots, only silica groups allowed the culture of human vascular cells. The wettability was an essential parameter for cell culture on the surfaces. Indeed, cells could only be cultured on surfaces presenting a moderate wettability with water contact angles of ca. 60°. Then, by treatment of confluent cells with detergents (Triton X100 and deoxycholate), we were able to obtain ECM on the surfaces that were subsequently analyzed using a mass spectrometer, which is currently impossible with any type of cell culture system. As an example, the analysis of ECM from human vascular smooth muscle cells (hVSMCs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) appeared to be reproducible and evidenced different ECM patterns from the two cell types. Applications based on these materials can be proposed for biomarker discovery or characterization of cells for biomedical/diagnostic purposes.




No responses yet

Leave a Reply